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INDEX OF LETTERS

NOTE: Under Construction. At the current time, this collection only includes letters pertaining to slave subjects written in the 1845-1847 timeframe. Over time, we will add additional letters pertaining to multiple subjects (slaves, women, and children) from the 70+ year timeframe represented in the original papers (late 1700's through the Civil War).

This page provides a comprehensive listing of all letters in the collection, organized alphabetically by author and chronologically by date. Tags associated with each letter are shown in the right-hand column. A master list of tags, while constantly changing, is available for reference. Users wishing to retrieve a listing of all letters associated with a specific tag may find the "search letters" page more efficient. A timeline view is also available for users wishing to read the letters chronologically as a story.

Letters are made available in Macromedia Flashpaper format. Users may view the original letter, a transcription of the original letter, or both. NOTE: Files in the PDF column are awaiting transcription. Flashpaper allows the reader to zoom in-out on orignal source text and to search for specific words in the transcribed/typed portion of the letter.

Thomas Bennehan Letters (owner/partner, resident Stagville Plantation, North Carolina)

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Transcribed
Letter
Both Tags
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 995, date: 1846-10-22, doctype: letter, author: Thomas Bennehan, location: Stagville, subjects: slaves, themes: health, doctors, wheat, corn, cotton, disease, slavery, post, overseer
summary: Thomas has returned to N.C. from Philadelphia where the Cameron's have taken Mildred for medical attention, and he writes back to the Camerons that their Doctor Haywood in Raleigh is concerned his care was perceived as unprofessional. Thomas describes the health of family and crops, as well as sickly slaves and a sick overseer by the name of Laws. Thomas' perspective on the institution of slavery and "gratitude" of slaves is shared. Finally, he discusses an order of carpet that he made but was not received, presumably due to the bad state of postal services by land compared to water.

Paul Cameron Letters (owner/partner, resident Fairntosh Plantation, North Carolina)

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Original
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Transcribed
Letter
Both Tags
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 40, folder: 934, date: 1844-9-5, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Stagville, subjects: slaves, themes: health, supplies, clothing, jobs, relocation, land, plantation, cotton, corn, oats, wheat, potatoes, politics
summary: Paul discusses the health of family and slaves with two medications given to slaves (calomel and ipecac). Paul begins making plans to relocate slaves to Marengo, Alabama, purchasing supplies and clothing.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 40, folder: 935, date: 1844-10-12, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Stagville, subjects: slaves, themes: relocation, supplies, clothing, animals, horseback, wagon, leisure, overseer
summary: Paul makes plans to move some slaves to his new plantation in Greene County, Alabama. An overseer named Walker is mentioned, associated with the Snowhill plantation adjacent to Stagville.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 40, folder: 936, date: 1844-10-20, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Orange County, subjects: slaves, themes: mortality, relocation, supplies, carriage, wagon, animals
summary: Slave Abner's child dies, Paul makes plans to move some Person County slaves to new plantation in Greene County, Alabama.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 40, folder: 936, date: 1844-10-25, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Hillsborough, subjects: slaves, themes: relocation, food, overseer, salary
summary: Paul contracts with Mr. Laws to escort some of his North Carolina slaves to Alabama at $6-$7 per head.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 40, folder: 937, date: 1844-11-5, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Orange County, subjects: slaves, themes: relocation, overseer, politics
summary: Paul has just left his slaves departing for Alabama after spending two nights with them at the start of their march southward. He has attempted to set up a system that will organize their encampments. The overseer Laws is responsible for escorting them south.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 40, folder: 937, date: 1844-11-27, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: W. Ruffin's in Marengo County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: land, cotton, plantation, health, housing
summary: Paul negotiates purchase of 1100 acre plantation 3 miles from Candy's Landing, Alabama, from Col. Armistead, paying $17.50 per acre. The cotton harvests of 1840-44 are described, as are the existing buildings and general state of the plantation.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 40, folder: 939, date: 1844-12-7, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Greensboro Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: relocation, health, supplies, housing, overseer, salary, food, animals, land, leisure
summary: Relocated slaves arrive in Alabama 34 days after departure from North Carolina, the relocated slave Edmund is ill, Paul discusses slave accomodations, hires an overseer named Lewellyn for $600, and attempts in vain to cash checks in the town of Greensboro, Alabama.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 940, date: 1845-1-4, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: W. Ruffin's in Marengo County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: land, death, health, jobs, cotton, corn, fodder, animals
summary: Paul writes his father about the purchase of the new plantation in Greene County, Alabama, for $29,305. The relocated slave Edmund dies. The slaves are put to work cutting timber to repair their houses and harvesting cotton. Paul ponders how well he can trust his new overseer, but indicates the overseer has been told to yield to Paul's friend Mr. Ruffin who lives nearby regarding plantation matters.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 970, date: 1845-11-8, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: the Steamboat Sam Dale in Montgomery Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: steamboat, stage, racism, railroad, immigration, cotton, corn, supplies
summary: Paul describes his journey from North Carolina to Alabama, consisting of railroad, stagecoach, and steamboat. Paul was not pleased to share his stagecoach with slaves. Paul describes many families immigrating west to Texas and Arkansas, and the general state of crops along his journey.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 971, date: 1845-11-18, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: steamboat, health, procedures, clothing, food, animals, supplies, corn, oats, cotton, workload, overseer, tax, workforce, jobs
summary: Paul writes of a cordial reception from his slaves on his arrival at the plantation, and describes the custom of lining up slaves to examine their clothing each week and a general poor state of clothing on females in particular. He indicates slaves are tired of their diet of pickled pork but have some vegetables they are tending. Paul provides excellent detail on how much cotton individual named slaves picked in one day, up to almost 200 pounds. Paul provides a good description of the overseer and his relationship with the slaves.
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 973, date: 1845-12-2, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 973, date: 1845-12-9, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 974, date: 1845-12-13, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron
location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 974, date: 1845-12-19, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 975, date: 1845-12-23, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Mobile Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 975, date: 1845-12-30, doctype: letter map, author: Paul Cameron, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary: includes map of Alabama plantation
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 989, date: 1846-7-30, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 993, date: 1846-9-26, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 993, date: 1846-9-29, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 994, date: 1846-10-3, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 994, date: 1846-10-6, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 995, date: 1846-10-17, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 995, date: 1846-10-24, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 995, date: 1846-10-25, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 995, date: 1846-10-28, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 998, date: 1846-12-1, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 999, date: 1846-12-30, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Mobile Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1002, date: 1847-2-8, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1012, date: 1847-7-6, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1013, date: 1847-7-29, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1014, date: 1847-8-12, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1014, date: 1847-8-14, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Stagville, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1015, date: 1847-8-19, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1015, date: 1847-8-21, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.pdf       series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1015, date: 1847-8-22, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary:
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1017, date: 1847-9-28, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes: health, doctors, trade, racism, mortality, jobs, corn, supplies, clothing, customs
summary: Paul relays information to his father about the health of many family members, friends, and slaves. He reports three slave children have died recently, including Brenda the child of their cook Sarah. On page two, Paul discusses a "purchase" made by his father in Delaware which may refer to the slave trade (unclear). Paul passes on gossip regarding the disgrace of a couple that eloped without parental permission.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1020, date: 1847-11-6, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Stagville, subjects: slaves, themes: railroad, health, death, supplies, cotton
summary: Paul relays a letter to his father Duncan returning from the north, informing him of the health of family members and of a slave Betsy on the Little River Plantation who died with chill and fever. Paul seeks rope and bagging to pack cotton.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1020, date: 1847-11-8, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes: health, doctors, death, supplies, machinery, cotton, food, wheat, corn
summary: Paul writes his father regarding the health of family members and slaves. An 18 year-old woman named Betsy has died in a similar manner to several before her. Paul is uncertain as to the cause and indicates the disease works so fast that doctors cannot be brought in to assist the sick. Paul indicates gins and water wheels are not running awaiting the arrival of supplies such as rope. Lewellyn has written Paul from Alabama indicating his storage fees for cotton have been paid in corn, and the plantation may not have enough pork to feed slaves. A shortage of salt is also noted in nearby Henderson, NC.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1022, date: 1847-12-9, doctype: letter, author: Paul Cameron, location: Fairntosh, subjects: slaves, themes: disease, health
summary: Paul writes his father about the health of family members and members of the "family of slaves," some of whom have pneumonia and underwent "blistering" as a form of treatment.

Charles Lewellyn Letters (overseer, Greene County, Alabama plantation)

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Transcribed
Letter
Both Notes/Tags
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 952, date: 1845-5-11, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: health, cotton, corn, oats, runaway, childbirth, accidents, animals, supplies, food
summary: The overseer describes plantation crops, general slave health, a runaway slave named Juber who was caught in Greensboro Alabama, two slaves Salby and Aggy giving birth to a daughter/son respectively, an accident involving a horse while plowing, and supplies received from Paul Cameron.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 955, date: 1845-6-1, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: health, cotton, corn, supplies, mortality, animals
summary: The overseer discusses plantation crops, getting assistance from Cameron family friend Mr. Ruffin, grass and lice in the cotton, corn needing rain, a dead mule, slave health keeping some from working, and slave Molly's child dying.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 958, date: 1845-7-3, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: corn, oats, cotton, supplies, clothing, health, food, animals
summary: The overseer discusses plantation crops, getting assistance from Cameron family friend Mr. Ruffin's slaves, birth of a mule, slave health, and supplies received.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 961, date: 1845-8-1, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: health, disease, fodder, cotton, corn, death
summary: The overseer describes two dead slaves named Old Peter and William who died of congestive fever and colick respectively, many other slaves sick, putting up fodder, a good corn crop, and an indifferent cotton crop.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 962, date: 1845-8-16, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, health, workload
summary: The overseer describes harvesting cotton and the condition of the crop, listing names of three slaves and how many pounds of cotton they picked in a day, and names of four slaves confined to their house due to health.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 964, date: 1845-9-4, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, health, clothing
summary: The overseer describes baling and packing cotton, mentions slaves are indifferent pickers and the general health of several named slaves, and indicates winter clothing is almost made.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 965, date: 1845-9-17, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, health, jobs
summary: The overseer explains the poor quality of the cotton crop, describes indifferent pickers, indicates baled cotton will be taken to the landing for shipment, discusses health of several named slaves, and mentions the job given to slaves of hauling water for other hands in the field.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 967, date: 1845-10-8, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, rye, jobs
summary: The overseer indicates rain has slowed the harvest, describes 114 cotton bales packed with 95 at the landing for shipment, mentions he will sow rye if he can acquire seed, discusses general slave health, and mentions the names of slaves who perform various tasks associated with harvesting cotton--giners (males), drivers (males), and cotton handlers (females).
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 978, date: 1846-2-13, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: health, supplies, oats, animals
summary: The overseer describes general slave health, that he received supplies and has not found any mules to purchase, and that he will begin sowing oats when land dries.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 980, date: 1846-3-1, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: corn, oats, animals, health, clothing
summary: The overseer describes planting corn, sowing oats, plowing, finding no mules, general slave health, and retrieving winter clothing from the landing.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 980, date: 1846-3-12, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: supplies, corn, oats, health
summary: The overseer describes supplies recieved from the landing (combs, thread, molasses, flour, etc.), planting corn, sowing oats, and general slave health.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 981, date: 1846-3-21, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, food, health
summary: The overseer discusses sowing cotton and plowing, a shortage of meat, and general slave health.
  .swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 982, date: 1846-4-4, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: corn, supplies, health, doctors, cotton
summary: The overseer describes planting and fencing, getting supplies from the landing, a doctor tending to a slave named Old York who is gravely ill, and general health of other slaves.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 983, date: 1846-4-30, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, health
summary: The overseer describes the replanting of cotton due to heavy rains, the death of a slave named Old York, and the general health of other named slaves.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 985, date: 1846-5-21, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, corn, oats, health, supplies, food
summary: The overseer briefly mentions the condition of crops, the general health of a few named slaves, and lists supplies received from the landing for the plantation.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 986, date: 1846-6-12, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: corn, oats, cotton, health
summary: The overseer briefly describes an injured corn crop, good oat crop, and improving cotton crop, in addition to the general health of a few named slaves.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 987, date: 1846-6-25, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: corn, oats, cotton, tobacco, potatoes, health, disease, doctors
summary: The overseer describes the condition of several crops and mentions the general health of several named slaves, including two sick children and Eaton who has seen a doctor for dropsy.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 988, date: 1846-7-7, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: post, health, cotton, corn, oats, supplies
summary: The overseer discusses sent letters with Paul, allowing one to track the length of time to receive a sent letter in 1846. Several sick slaves are named, a supply of cloth is received, and the general health of crops is relayed.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 989, date: 1846-7-26, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: fodder, oats, cotton, weapons, health, childbirth
summary: The overseer describes the condition of crops, mentions sending for guns, and lists a few sick slaves and a new son born to Diley.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 990, date: 1846-8-7, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: fodder, cotton, oats, animals, health, childbirth
summary: The overseer indicates there is plenty of fodder and oats for his team, enough to sell to others, discusses the quality of cotton, the health of slaves, and a new child for Polly.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 991, date: 1846-8-18, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: health, childbirth, cotton, animals, insects
summary: The overseer describes the health of several named slaves, indicates the cotton crop is poor, and that fodder, oats, and hogs have been stacked. A slave named Mary gave birth to a girl.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 991, date: 1846-8-30, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, childbirth, health, machinery, insects
summary: The overseer describes a poor cotton crop with gins working, two girls born to the slaves Eliza and Liddy, and the general health of other slaves.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 992, date: 1846-9-10, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, workforce, workload, corn, health, tax
summary: The overseer indicates he has 60 cotton pickers working fields picking 5000 to 6000 pounds of cotton per day. He lists seven pickers and their average poundage picked over three days. The name of the local tax collector is provided, and 12 sick slaves are listed by name.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 993, date: 1846-9-21, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: death, doctors, disease, health, cotton
summary: The overseer informs Paul that the slave Old Simon died of a congestive chill, a doctor was sent for but could not help, and slaves are dying on other plantations as well. He mentions several other sick slaves, and indicates they have packed 50 bales of cotton.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 993, date: 1846-9-30, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, workforce, workload, corn, health
summary: The overseer indicates 95 bales of cotton have been picked out by 50 hands who picked 7194 pounds of cotton on a given day. Several named slaves are listed as sick.
.swf .swf .swf
series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 994, date: 1846-10-11, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, doctors, corn, mortality, health
summary: The overseer indicates 90 cotton bales are packed with an estimate of 200+ to come out, more than other plantations in the area. Sanday's child dies, and several other slaves are listed as sick.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 995, date: 1846-10-22, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: health, doctors, disease, cotton
summary: The overseer indicates slaves in good health except Caroline and Fanny Johnson with dropsy, being tended by Dr. Ring. 160 bales of cotton out, 100 sent to the landing for shipping.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 996, date: 1846-11-3, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, health, childbirth, corn
summary: The overseer indicates 175 bales of cotton have been picked, 2500 bushels of corn cribbed, a few slaves are sick, and the slave Sally gave birth to a son.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 996, date: 1846-11-8, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, health, childbirth
summary: The overseer indicates 200 bales of cotton have been picked, a few slaves are sick, and the slave Aggy has had an abortion.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1001, date: 1847-1-8, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: supplies, food, cotton, runaway, death
summary: The overseer indicates supplies of pork have been received from Paul Cameron, the slave Milton has run away, and the slave Henderson died before his medicine could arrive.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1002, date: 1847-2-9, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, supplies, corn, oats, health, runaway
summary: The overseer indicates cotton has not been shipped due to back orders at the landing, corn land is ready for planting, and the runaway slave Milton has not been heard from and is probably on his way to North Carolina.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1004, date: 1847-2-27, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, animals, oats, supplies, food, runaway, punishment, corn, crime, death, health
summary: The overseer indicates cotton is being shipped, he was unsuccessful in purchasing a mule at auction for $80, he is sowing oats, and supplies have not been received. The runaway Milton has not been heard from. He and another slave Tony were stealing clothes from one another to sell, quarreled, and were put in handcuffs by the overseer. Milton got loose and ran away. News is given of a Major Read shot dead by house servant.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1005, date: 1847-3-23, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: corn, oats, cotton, animals, runaway, punishment, childbirth, health, clothing
summary: The overseer describes planting corn, sowing oats and cotton seed, not whipping runaway Milton until he is back to health after his journey, slave Martha giving birth to a son, general health of slaves, and summer clothing ready for slaves.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1006, date: 1847-4-3, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, jobs, machinery, corn, health, insects
summary: The overseer and slaves are preparing fields and planting cotton crop, expecting to plant 800 acres. He indicates one slave is ill, and the mosquitoes are bad.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1007, date: 1847-4-20, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: corn, insects, cotton, food, supplies, health
summary: The overseer indicates corn had to be replanted, 300 acres of cotton planted, and supplies of pork received from the landing.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1008, date: 1847-5-1, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, corn, oats, potatoes, food, supplies, animals, health
summary: The overseer indicates the cotton and oat crop is growing well, corn not so well. Potatoes have been planted. The plantation has 180 hogs and just received 75 barrels of pork in supplies.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1009, date: 1847-5-21, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, corn, oats, mortality, health, punishment, jobs, supplies, insects
summary: The overseer describes injured cotton crop from grasshoppers, lice, and worms, condition of the corn and oats, slave Diley losing a child, and general slave health. He discusses whipping Milton for carelessness, mentions three slaves that work as carpenters, and lists supplies received from landing--twine, shoes, tea, tobacco.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1009, date: 1847-5-30, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, insects, corn, oats, health, doctors, disease, animals
summary: The cotton crop has been injured by insects, with corn and oats favorable. Hogs are growing slowly. A few slaves are sick, and a Dr. Moore has diagnosed the slave Fanny with dropsy of the chest.

.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1010, date: 1847-6-13, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, insects, corn, oats, health, disease
summary: Cotton has been injured by lice and worms. Corn and oats are favorable. A few named slaves are ill, including Liddy with a "grass fever."
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1011, date: 1847-6-29, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, insects, corn, oats, health, doctors
summary: Cotton crop is improving, and 100 acres of corn and 30 acres of oats are listed in good condition. The overseer has been pushing the team hard. Caroline is not well and is expected to die by August. The doctor visits sick slaves occasionally.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1012, date: 1847-7-10, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: oats, cotton, corn, animals, health
summary: The overseer describes the condition of various crops, including cotton injured by rain. A few slaves in poor health are mentioned.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1013, date: 1847-7-31, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, machinery, corn, oats, fodder, insects, animals, health
summary: The overseer expresses his diappointment after receiving a letter from Paul Cameron criticizing him for shipping wet cotton to market. He describes the condition of various crops and assures Paul he did not push the slaves too hard in his push to get cotton out of the field. Charles indicates the slaves Fanny and Caroline are not expected to get well, and he has also been very ill.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1017, date: 1847-9-28, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: health, death, cotton, corn, animals
summary: The overseer describes a poor state of health on the plantation, including himself. A Mr. Nelson is mentioned as having lost 10 servants. The plantation is harvesting cotton and corn.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1019, date: 1847-10-20, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: health, disease, cotton, food
summary: The overseer indicates between 15-40 slaves have been sick with chills and fevers. The cotton harvest is coming along slowly. It is uncertain whether enough meat will be available to supply the plantation.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1019, date: 1847-10-26, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, supplies, health, corn
summary: The overseer has received a check from Paul Cameron and indicates some 100 bales of cotton have been picked, the supply of salt is adequate, and it is uncertain whether enough baggin or rope is available to supply the plantation. 17 slaves are sick. The overseer has paid for cotton storage at the landing in corn.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1019, date: 1847-10-31, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, corn, plantation, machinery, disease, animals, health
summary: 100 bales of cotton have been packed, and storage charges for cotton at the landing have been paid for in corn. The overseer lists 100 head of hogs, small in size, to be used for meat. 17 slaves are sick, Lewis with a congestive chill.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1021, date: 1847-11-28, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, animals, health, death
summary: 161 bales of cotton have been packed, 52 head of hogs have been killed, 6 slaves are sick, and the long-ailing slave Caroline has finally died.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1022, date: 1847-12-5, doctype: letter, author: Charles Lewellyn, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, crime, corn, health
summary: The overseer assures Paul that his cotton is safe at the landing, as Col. Tindal keeps guard at night. Cotton has been taken to both Candy's Landing and Wheeling Landing for shipment. Corn is being harvested, and a few slaves are listed as sick.

Kenneth Rayner Letters (Duncan Cameron friend, politician and farmer, owner of slaves on Chicot County, Arkansas, planation, married to Susan Polk daughter of Bishop Polk, bio)

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.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 971, date: 1845-11-14, doctype: letter, author: Kenneth Rayner, location: Maury County Tennessee, subjects: slaves, themes: railroad, stage, animals, cotton, relocation, sugar, hemp, corn
summary: Rayner relays details of an 11-day journey from Raleigh to Maury County, Tennessee, involving railroads, stagecoaches, and horseback travel. Rayner describes stays on friends' Lucius and George's plantations in Tennessee, discusses plans to purchase new plantation and move his slaves to it, and gives insight into various crop values and where they are grown.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 975, date: 1845-12-21, doctype: letter, author: Kenneth Rayner, location: New Orleans, subjects: slaves, themes: land, relocation
summary: Rayner describes purchasing a new plantation in Arkansas with specifics on land values per acre, intention to relocate his slaves from Tennessee down river to new plantation, and missing his family in N.C.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 977, date: 1846-1-18, doctype: letter, author: Kenneth Rayner, location: Chicoh County Arkansas, subjects: slaves, themes: relocation, animals, steamboat, housing, sugar
summary: Rayner begins to set up his new plantation, slaves and mules relocated to site after 36-hour steamboat journey from Memphis, slave houses and fencing repaired, desires to purchase neighboring land from Arkansas Sentator Ashley.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 978, date: 1846-2-8, doctype: letter, author: Kenneth Rayner, location: Belmont Plantation in Fayette County Tennessee, subjects: slaves, themes:
summary: Rayner makes his way home to North Carolina by way of Belmont Plantation in Fayette County, Tennessee, just east of Memphis.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1020, date: 1847-11-5, doctype: letter, author: Kenneth Rayner, location: Maury County Tennessee, subjects: slaves, themes: travel, stage, steamboat, cotton, politics
summary: Rayner describes 17-day journey with his family from Baltimore to Wheeling to Cincinnati to Louisville to Nashville, avoiding Pittsburgh for danger of carrying slaves through region, meets up with Maury County friends George and Lucius again prior to heading west and south to check on his land holdings.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1023, date: 1847-12-18, doctype: letter map, author: Kenneth Rayner, location: Grand Lake Arkansas, subjects: slaves, themes: animals, stage, steamboat, cotton, land
summary: Rayner continues south on his journey by horseback, then stage, then steamboat, checking on his lands with hopes of selling some, describes good overseer and cotton crop on plantation in Arkansas, and solicits Duncan Cameron for interest-bearing loan to purchase more property adjoining his Arkansas plantation.

Slave Narratives (these interviews of Stagville ex-slaves were drawn from Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers Project, 1936-1938)

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.swf .swf n/a series: n/a, box: n/a, folder: n/a, date: 1937-8-6, doctype: interview, author: Doc Edwards, location: Stagville, subjects: slaves, themes: jobs, health, interaction, tools, machinery, wheat, cotton, clothing, animals, civil, emancipation
summary: The 84-year old ex-slave owned by Paul Cameron discusses his life on Stagville plantation, including cooking as a house man for Bennehan Cameron. Different jobs on the plantation are mentioned, including handcrating tools, working a threshing machine, making clothes on a hand loom, and cobbling shoes. Doc indicates after the "Yankees came" he was free, but he stayed on the plantation.
  n/a n/a .swf series: n/a, box: n/a, folder: n/a, date: 1937-8-6, doctype: interview, author: Cy Hart, location: Durham, subjects: slaves, themes: trade, labor, jobs, animals, wheat, machinery, tools, food, civil, emancipation, interaction
summary: The 78-year old ex-slave owned by Paul Cameron discusses his father being purchased at the slave market by Paul Cameron and his subsequent life on Stagville plantation, inlcuding his work tending livestock, and working a threshing machine to grind wheat. He mentions children had to be eight before they could begin working. Cy describes interactions with local thieves and Union forces during the Civil War, including his mother being asked to cook for Union soldiers as they passed through and caused little harm. Cy continued to live on the plantation after the war and helped carry Paul Cameron's coffin upon his death.
  n/a n/a .swf series: n/a, box: n/a, folder: n/a, date: 1937-8-6, doctype: interview, author: Abner Jordan, location: Durham, subjects: slaves, themes: interaction, civil, jobs, procedures, emancipation
summary: The 95-year old ex-slave owned by Paul Cameron discusses playing with Paul's son Bennehan at a young age. He indicates Bennehan ran off to join the Confederates during the Civil War, but was retrieved by his father Paul. Abner indicates his father was the blacksmith and foreman for Paul, and blew a horn at night when it was time for the field hands to stop working. He says the Union soldiers threatened the slaves when passing through if they didn't reveal the location of valuables, but eventually moved on after taking horses and food. Abner lived at Stagville for five years after the war, then moved to Hillsborough with his family.

Other Letters with Discussion Pertaining to Slaves

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.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 41, folder: 963, date: 1845-8-27, doctype: letter, author: James Ruffin, location: Haw River North Carolina, subjects: slaves, themes: health, doctors
summary: In a reply to Paul Cameron, James Ruffin indicates that one month prior all of Paul's slaves (presumably in Alabama) were healthy and the crop was good. James is surprised to hear from Paul that slaves are sick, and recommends he not hire any doctors who he finds ineffective.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 993, date: 1846-9-23, doctype: letter, author: Dr. Ring, location: Greene County Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: cotton, health, disease, doctors
summary: Dr. Ring asks Paul Cameron if he would be willing to ship his cotton via Captain Oliver's landing instead of Candys Landing. He also discusses treating four slaves and the death of one healthy 50 year old male slave named Limon who collapsed somewhat unexpectedly with a fever.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 42, folder: 999, date: 1846-12-20, doctype: letter, author: William Piper, location: unspecified, subjects: slaves, themes: jobs, cotton, corn, overseer
summary: In a brief note, the overseer Piper updates Duncan Cameron about ongoing plowing, fencing, and cleaning at Stagville, Snow Hill, Bobbitt's, and Brick House.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1000, date: 1847-1-7, doctype: letter, author: William Hams, location: Stagville, subjects: slaves, themes: health, jobs, supplies, overseer
summary: Overseer at Stagville discusses slave health and mentions ongoing jobs on the plantation, including fencing, plowing, hauling.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1002, date: 1847-2-5, doctype: letter, author: WF Wade, location: Tuskegee Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: runaway
summary: Jailor in Tuskeegee, Alabama, who caught runaway slave Milton writes to the overseer Lewellyn in Greene County to pay charges and retrieve his property.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1004, date: 1847-3-11, doctype: letter, author: unknown, location: Washington [MS?], subjects: slaves, themes: land, trade
summary: Unknown person from Mississippi replies to Duncan Cameron regarding the legality of slaves in Mississippi and the fertility of soil in Monroe and Lowndes Counties along Tombigby River.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1006, date: 1847-4-8, doctype: letter, author: Allen Jones, location: Greensboro Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: runaway, stage
summary: A Mr. Allen C. Jones relays a message to Paul Cameron that his overseer Charles Lewellyn sent a Mr. Barnes to retrieve the runaway slave Milton in Tuskegee and return him to Greensboro, Alabama, where Lewellyn picked him up and returned him to the plantation.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1013, date: 1847-7-26, doctype: letter, author: John Moore, location: Marengo Alabama, subjects: slaves, themes: doctors, disease, health, cotton, corn
summary: Dr. Moore writes Paul Cameron regarding the health of two slaves Caroline and Fanny who are thought to have syphilis and dropsy respectively. He also discusses the condition of cotton and corn crops.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1022, date: 1847-12-4, doctype: letter, author: Ogden, location: New Orleans, subjects: slaves, themes: land, trade, cotton, workforce
summary: Offer made to Duncan Cameron to buy a 3500 acre Louisiana plantation 450 miles up the Mississippi River from New Orleans.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1023, date: 1847-12-28, doctype: letter, author: Frances Cameron, location: Hillsborough North Carolina, subjects: slaves, women, themes: trade, jobs
summary: A relative in Hillsborough solicits $550 from Duncan Cameron to buy a man servant for assistance in her boarding house.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1023, date: 1847-12-28, doctype: letter, author: Ogden, location: New Orleans, subjects: slaves, themes: land, trade, cotton, animals, corn, food
summary: Further discussion of offer made to Duncan Cameron to buy Carroll Parish, Louisiana plantation with slaves to be sold in families.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1023, date: 1847-12-29, doctype: letter, author: John Hamll, location: Red Mountain North Carolina, subjects: slaves, themes: trade
summary: The author writes to Duncan Cameron that his bank note cannot be renewed, and due to a depression in the slave market, he has been unable to sell his slaves to pay off the note.
.swf .swf .swf series: 1.3.3, box: 43, folder: 1023, date: 1847-12-31, doctype: letter, author: H Linall, location: Candys Landing Alabama, subjects: none, themes: cotton, crime, steamboat
summary: The author describes and discusses boats departing from Candy's Landing to Mobile carrying Paul Cameron's cotton crop. Since neighboring cotton warehouses have been burned, the author has employed guards to watch his warehouses at night.